The Republic of Bulgaria is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The capital of Bulgaria and the largest city is Sofia. Other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres, Bulgaria is Europe’s 16th-largest country.
With its important location and pleasant climate, Bulgaria perfectly suits to the taste of every traveller across the globe. It combines high mountains, unique nature, ancient culture & traditions, delicious food and the Black Sea coast. Travellers from everywhere who enjoy Cultural tourism, Spa & Wellness tourism, Sea tourism, Mountain and ski tourism, Adventourus tourism and Congress tourism will remain satisfied with the conditions which Bulgaria offers.
Bulgarian cuisine is exceptionally diverse and delicious, consisting of various salads, breadstuffs, stews, and other local dishes. Many of the dishes are prepared according to traditional recipes handed down from generation to generation over the centuries. The most products for which Bulgaria is internationally known are yoghurt and white brine (feta) cheese. These are almost always present on Bulgarian tables in one form or another. One of the most famous and most popular breakfast items in the country is banitsa. It is made of dough with various fillings, such as cheese, spinach, rice, and meat.
The natural landscape of Bulgaria is diverse, consisting of lowlands, plains, foothills and plateaus, river valleys, basins, and mountains of varying elevations. About 70% of the country’s territory is hilly land and 30% is mountainous.
The highest peak on the Balkan Peninsula, Musala (2,925 m), is located in Bulgaria.
Lifestyles and cultures in what is now Bulgaria have developed over thousands of years. The country is located at the crossroad between Europe and Asia, and the lands of Bulgaria have been populated since antiquity. The Slavs and proto-Bulgarians were greatly influenced by the cultures of the Thracians, Illyrians and Greeks, and all peoples who resided on these lands – Thracians, Romans, Slavs, and Bulgarians – have contributed to the world’s cultural heritage. It is no accident that the earliest European civilization grew up here. Some of the most famous treasures in the world were discovered at the Varna necropolis, including the worlds oldest golden ornaments. There are Thracian tombs and sanctuaries in Kazanlak, Sveshtari, Starosel, Aleksandrovo, Perperikon, and Tatul.
Travel tips for Bulgaria
If you’re planning a trip to Bulgaria or want to learn more about the language, if Bulgaria is a safe destination to travel to and many more you may review our useful travel tips.